Police Involved Shootings
This area of expertise includes all aspects of police involved shootings: Law, Tactics, Training, and reconstructing the incident. The reconstruction can involve ballistics and other forensic evidence interpretation.

Non-lethal Force
Non-lethal force includes chemical agents, empty hand control tactics, canine intervention, and use of police weapons other than firearms. Incidents are evaluated to determine if an officer's actions conform with the law, accepted police tactics, and police training.

Incident Reconstruction
Reconstruction of an incident can involve the use of ballistics and other forensic evidence interpretation to determine what actually happened in an incident.

Use of Force Training and Policies
We will review current use of force training programs and policies and analyze them for effectiveness, applicability, and legal sufficiency. Training in these areas is also offered.

Agency Review of Use of Force Incidents
We will review the procedures for tracking use of force incidents and recommend ways to integrate the data from these incidents into legally sufficient policies and improved training curricula.

Experts Available to Consult in Use of Force

Charles J. Key

Nearly twenty-six years experience with the Baltimore Police Department, ascending to the rank of Lieutenant. During his career, he served as a squad sergeant and Training Coordinator for the Special Weapons and Tactics Unit. In his last ten years, he served as the Commanding Officer of the Firearms Training Unit. In that capacity he analyzed over five hundred police involved shootings and responded to the scene of more than a hundred. He wrote the department's policy on use of lethal force and the resolution of sniper, barricade, and hostage situations. He has lectured at various universities and taught police use of force to thousands of federal, state, local police officers, and hundreds of civilians in numerous states. Mr. Key has consulted in hundreds of use of force cases and has been qualified numerous times in federal and state courts as an expert in use of force and related subjects. He, also, was featured by NBC Dateline as an expert in a police shooting case and has been named as an expert in the Ruby Ridge, Idaho case. Shortly before he retired, Mr. Key wrote the protocol regulating the review of uses of force and establishing a use of force review board for the agency.

Charles L. Coleman
Charles L. Coleman is an Inspector and the Criminal Investigations Commander for the Millington, Tennessee Police Department. His unit conducts narcotics related investigations and Internal Affairs Complaints. He is also in charge for 4 Dual Purpose Canine Units. Inspector Coleman has 17 years of experience handling and training police canines. In his capacity as a canine handler, he has participated in hundreds of arrests for narcotics related incidents and over 75 arrests for robberies, burglaries. He has accumulated over twenty five hundred hours in canine handling and training. He has been a Certifying Official for the National Narcotics Detector Dog Association since 2003. He and his dog placed second in the national competition for the year 2000 National Narcotics Detector Dog Association and took the Top Gun Award. He has also received numerous other awards with his dog. He has trained police dogs for other agencies and has certified several hundred dogs in his capacity as a Certifying Official for the National Narcotic Detector Dog Association.

Timothy J. Longo

Mr. Longo is an attorney who is currently the Chief of Police of the Charlottesville, Virginia Police Department. He rose to the rank of Colonel in the Baltimore Police Department. He has served as a consultant and an adjunct professor in the Department of Sociology at Towson University, Towson, Maryland. He served in various assignments in the Baltimore Police Department, including the Internal Investigation Division and the Education and Training Division. While in the Internal Investigation Division, he supervised and reviewed the investigations of police uses of force, including police involved shootings. During his tenure at the Education and Training Division, he taught recruits, in-service personnel, and supervisors the law specific to police use of force. His duties as a squad sergeant, lieutenant, and District Commander, where he was responsible for the performance of two hundred officers, required that he investigate and evaluate hundreds of use of force incidents.


Daniel Rose

Dan Rose retired from the law enforcement profession after serving over 22 years combined service with both the Baltimore City and Baltimore County Police Departments. In those two agencies, he spent 18 years as a member of both jurisdictions’ Tactical Units. He ultimately retired as a full time SWAT Team Leader and trainer. During his career, he was involved in resolving hundreds of sniper, active shooter, barricade and hostage situations. He, also, planned and executed high risk search and seizure warrants, conducted high risk vehicle assaults, and provided dignitary protection for the President of the United States, Foreign Heads of State, and other V.I.P’s. In all he was deployed in over 2,000 high risk operations. In addition, Dan consulted for numerous nationally recognized institutions such as the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the National Tactical Officers Association (NTOA). He was a consultant and committee member for the NTOA during the development of the revised National SWAT Standards which were developed to establish a core set of concepts and principles to improve SWAT deployment and management. Dan has vast domestic and international experience in curriculum development and instruction in the areas of police tactical operations. He is a graduate of Loyola University of Maryland. He is currently employed as a Senior Security Specialist with the nation’s leading competitive energy provider.

Edwin W. Schillo
Ed Schillo retired as a lieutenant after thirty years with the Baltimore Police Department. During that time, he served twelve years with the special weapons and tactics unit, including two years as its supervisor and training coordinator. He also was assigned to the Education and Training Division for eight years as the Supervisor of the Skills section. During that time, he was qualified as a firearms instructor and taught officer survival tactics and self-defense to officers.

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Key Associates
64 Rippetoe Lane
Swoope, Virginia 24479
Phone (540) 337-6501

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